Bad and good habits in children. Prevention of harmful habits among preschool children
Parents are often concerned about the appearance of bad habits and unusual behavior in children. Could this be harmful to health and is a symptom of psychological disorders? If you find yourself in a similar situation, you’ll help understanding why a child acts in a way or another.
Sometimes children simply copy the behavior of others, but more often they ask their “harmful” pursuits when they are worried, unhappy, scared, tired, bored or sleepy. Classic bad habits of preschool children— picking his nose wound and sucking hair, obkushuvannya nails or rhythmic movements simply help them to calm down and feel better. In most cases, the child simply outgrows all these habits. However, parents may be difficult to observe an unpleasant or strange behavior of the child and to respond to him calmly.
Babies explore the world by putting things in their mouths — they suck their own fingers, blankets, pacifiers and other items. The process of sucking is soothing and helps me sleep. The majority of children starts sucking his fingers in the first months of life and self to part with this habit-year. But some may continue to suck on your fingers, clothes, hair down to four or five years, sometimes longer. At the age of five they begin to erupt permanent teeth, and such a habit can be a cause for concern, if they violate the formation of correct occlusion.
Obsessive rocking or twisting on the spot
Some babies before falling asleep I shake my head from side to side, or even knocking it on the side of the crib. Oddly enough, but they are sick themselves, and the steady rhythm helps them fall asleep faster. This habit sometimes appears at the age of nine months and is leaving in two years. Sometimes the child is so calm, even when you do not want to sleep. If your toddler gets slowly twist the head or rocking, but shows no signs of delays in development, you have nothing to worry about. All of these actions provide him emotional comfort.
Nervous ticks are also common in children of different ages and can be produced at any part of the body. The most common type — the blinking. If any nervous ticks “delayed” your child longer than a year, it can be a sign of a more serious problem and requires consultation with a doctor.
Grinding the teeth
The medical term to describe this phenomenon — bruxism. Is more than half of the children, usually begins within six months of teething, could be back again in five years when you replace milk teeth to permanent and goes with growing up. Grinding the teeth can be a cause for concern only if it causes dental problems. Visit your dentist regularly and check the condition of the oral cavity and bite development.
Obkushuvannya nails and cuticles
Almost all children bite their nails — this habit causes bleeding around the nail and may contribute to the infection of a child with a disease called “dirty hands”. As in the struggle with other addictions, strategy is simple: to draw attention to the moments when the child bites her nails, but on the contrary — to draw the attention and praise him when he is calm and doesn’t stick his fingers in his mouth. Catch the moment when the fingers of a child not in your mouth, pay attention to how he deftly can do something with your hands instead of biting his nails. For example: “What a beautiful machine you have collected your fingers!”, “You scratch the cat behind the ear with their fingers, he loves it!”
Picking his nose
I guess this habit annoys parents the most. Picking his nose is unhygienic and not accepted in society. The child begins to pick his nose when there occurs the crust detachable for colds and runny nose. Usually picking even more irritating, it forms new crust, and there is a vicious circle. Tell your child that picking your nose at people is unacceptable, but it could use a handkerchief or napkin to his nose ceased to itch.
The lifting and pulling of hair
The process of playing with her hair — another baby calming techniques. Like sucking, she appears in infancy and disappears with the child’s maturation.
Sometimes children hold your breath for so long that I lose consciousness for a few seconds or a minute. It really scares parents. This behavior usually appears at the age of one and a half to two years. Due to the lack of oxygen, the baby may turn blue or very pale. Children hold your breath while trying to regain control of the situation, and not everything goes the way they want. If you notice that your child is deliberately holds his breath, show it to your doctor. It is very difficult to determine what is happening with the child, and some types of syncope can be symptoms of anemia. In any case, try to provide the most soothing environment for the child without drawing special attention to the fact that you’re anxious or “it’s dangerous”. Your fear may complicate the situation.
How to overcome bad habits?
Habits children — good and bad — parents are free to condemn and to maintain. If you will attract too much attention to unpleasant or strange behavior of the child, constantly make comments (supposedly for his own good) — the habit can only intensify. The best strategy is to ignore the “bad” behavior and to impart other, more healthy habits (for example, not to pick your nose, use a handkerchief, etc.). Especially since most bad habits children outgrow with age.
The best prevention of harmful habits in children — it’s not pulling up or sermons, and praise. Praise your child for good behavior — you show him that you see his good deeds, you like them, and you would like to continue to do so.
If you see that your child does not bite his nails, — tell him about it and praise him for it. It is impossible to wean someone from bad habits, while he himself does not want to do it. Girls throw themselves biting his nails, if they realize at some point that I wanted to have a nice neat nails. Often moms offer little girls to paint nails — coloured and beautiful to gnaw would be just pathetic.
Do not try to change all habits at once. Start with the most, in your opinion, alarming. Find out what is bothering your child, listen carefully to all his grievances and complaints. Try to eliminate the cause which he so desperately needs peace. Allow your child to make decisions, giving choice available, such as clothing or food. Thus the child will gain control of the situation and will be less confused. Place your child’s attention and help him find the best place and method to do so. ü what he wants. For example, if he feels itchy nose and constantly picks at it, help him learn how to use a handkerchief, apply the cream around the nostrils or use a moisturizing nose spray. If you notice that a child picks his nose on people, take him to the bathroom, bismarkia it and wash it handles.
If parents don’t like any bad habit, talk with children about them must be built not on the condemnation of the baby, and the explanations in an accessible form, why this or that action is undesirable, that adversely affects the child’s health, appearance or spoils an impression of him. The purpose of such interviews — to help the child to make a choice in favor of good behaviour and not to make him just mindlessly do it your way.
Be patient, consistent and eventually you will succeed.